Understanding the synergistic catalytic effect between La2O3 and CaO for the CH4 lean De-NOx reaction: Kinetic and mechanistic studies

 
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2005 (EN)
Understanding the synergistic catalytic effect between La2O3 and CaO for the CH4 lean De-NOx reaction: Kinetic and mechanistic studies (EN)

Anastasiadou, T. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Anastasiadou, T. (EN)

Doping of La2O3 crystallites with Ca2+ ions significantly enhances the intrinsic rate of NO reduction by CH4 in the presence of 5% O-2 at 550 degrees C compared to pure La2O3 and CaO solids, while the opposite is true after doping of CaO with La3+ ions. It was found that the 5 wt % La2O3-95 wt % CaO system has one of the highest intrinsic site reactivities (TOF = 8.5 x 10(-3) s(-1)) reported at 550 degrees C for the NO/CH4/O-2 reaction among metal oxide surfaces. The doping process occurred after first dispersing La2O3 and CaO crystallites in deionized water heated to 60 degrees C for 90 min, while the dried material was then ground and heated slowly in air to 800 degrees C and kept at this temperature for 5 h. The doping process had the effect of creating surface oxygen vacant sites (F-type defects) in the oxide lattices the concentration of which is a function of the wt % La2O3 used in the mixed oxide system as revealed by photoluminescence and O-2 chernisorption studies. According to DRIFTS (NO)-N-15 transient isotopic experiments (SSITKA), oxygen vacant sites in Ca2+-doped La2O3 promote the formation of a more active chemisorbed NOx species (NO2-) that contributes to the enhancement of reaction rate as compared to pure lanthana, calcium oxide, and La3+-doped CaO. These results were supported by the kinetic orders of the reaction with respect to NO and O-2 obtained as a function of wt % La2O3 content in the mixed oxide system. Carbon dioxide (a reaction product) competes for the same oxygen vacant sites to form stable adsorbed carbonate-like species, thus lowering the reduction rate of NO. The dependence of the reaction TOF on the wt % La2O3 loading at 550 degrees C was found to follow the trend of the dependence of photoluminescence intensity on the wt % La2O3 content in the La2O3-CaO oxide system. (EN)

silica-supported platinum (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Journal of Physical Chemistry B (EN)

English

2005

<Go to ISI>://000230526800042

American Chemical Society (EN)



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