Sensitivity of distillation column design to uncertainties in vapor-liquid equilibrium information

 
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Sensitivity of distillation column design to uncertainties in vapor-liquid equilibrium information (EN)

Peridis, S (EN)
Tassios, D (EN)
Magoulas, K (EN)

N/A (EN)

The sensitivity of distillation column design [number of stages (N) and reflux ratio (R)] to changes in the mean relative volatility (alpha) across the column is examined to demonstrate the effect that uncertainties in the required vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) information has on N and R. The results, presented in graphic form for different levels of alpha, provide the design engineer with a simple method of establishing the required degree of accuracy in the VLE information used for a given separation. The sensitivity increases, as expected, with decreasing values of alpha, becoming very pronounced for difficult separations, but it is significant even for easier ones. Thus, for alpha = 1.1, a 2% reduction in alpha leads to a 80% increase in N or an over 120% increase in R, while for alpha = 1.5 the corresponding increases are about 20 and 25%, respectively. The dependence of this sensitivity on design parameters, such as the ratio of the key components in the feed, feed thermal condition, etc., is also examined. The effect of the sources of uncertainty in the VLE information: the values of the interaction coefficient and, on occasion, of the critical properties and acentric factor, is then demonstrated with two examples. (EN)

journalArticle

Liquids (EN)
Vapor Liquid Equilibrium (EN)
Design sensitivity (EN)
Vapors (EN)
Vapor liquid equilibrium (EN)
Distillation columns (EN)
Phase equilibria (EN)
Column design (EN)
Uncertainties (EN)
Distillation Columns (EN)

Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (EL)
National Technical University of Athens (EN)

Separation Science and Technology (EN)

1993


MARCEL DEKKER INC (EN)



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