Dielectric and conductivity studies of the hydration mechanisms in plant seeds

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1996 (EN)
Dielectric and conductivity studies of the hydration mechanisms in plant seeds (EN)

Konsta, AA (EN)
Ratkovic, S (EN)
Kanapitsas, A (EN)
Pissis, P (EN)

N/A (EN)

The hydration mechanism of various plant seeds has been investigated by a) sorption-desorption isotherms, b) ac-dielectric spectroscopy in the 10 Hz to 1 GHz frequency range and the -80 to + 40 degrees C temperature range, and c) thermally stimulated depolarization current techniques in the -170 to +23 degrees C temperature range. Seeds of different chemical composition were studied at water contents varying between 0 and 40% w/w (dry weight basis). Our experimental results permitted us to determine i) the diffusion constant of water in the samples, found to be between 1.4 x 10(-11) and 3.7 x 10-(11) m(2)/s; ii) a critical water content corresponding to the completion of the primary hydration layer, which is in the range 0.11-0.17 w/w, depending on the seed nature; and iii) the activation energy of the main relaxation mechanism, found to be equal to 0.54 +/- 0.05 eV. Moreover, they make it possible to investigate the dependence of various parameters (conductivity, molecular mobility, plasticizing effect of water) on the water content of the sample, to follow the crystallization of water in the seeds as a function of temperature and confirm that it is not a reversible process, to study the dehydration process as a function of temperature and time, and to propose an alternative technique for the determination of the moisture content in seeds. (EN)


Water (EN)
Temperature (EN)
Seeds (EN)
Electric Conductivity (EN)
moisture (EN)
Biophysics (EN)
conductance (EN)
plant seed (EN)
water (EN)
article (EN)
Thermodynamics (EN)
spectroscopy (EN)
hydration (EN)
depolarization (EN)
crystallization (EN)
temperature (EN)
Electrochemistry (EN)
nonhuman (EN)
diffusion coefficient (EN)
energy (EN)

Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (EL)
National Technical University of Athens (EN)

Biophysical Journal (EN)



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