Characterisation of zeolitic materials with a HEU-type structure modified by transition metal elements: Definition of acid sites in nickel-loaded crystals in the light of experimental and quantum-chemical results

 
Το τεκμήριο παρέχεται από τον φορέα :
Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων
Αποθετήριο :
Ιδρυματικό Αποθετήριο Ολυμπιάς
δείτε την πρωτότυπη σελίδα τεκμηρίου
στον ιστότοπο του αποθετηρίου του φορέα για περισσότερες πληροφορίες και για να δείτε όλα τα ψηφιακά αρχεία του τεκμηρίου*
κοινοποιήστε το τεκμήριο



Characterisation of zeolitic materials with a HEU-type structure modified by transition metal elements: Definition of acid sites in nickel-loaded crystals in the light of experimental and quantum-chemical results (EN)

Godelitsas, A. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Godelitsas, A. (EN)

Nickel-loaded HEU-type zeolite crystals have been obtained by well-known synthetic procedures and characterised by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), scanning-electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), FT-IR, diffuse reflectance UV/Vis spectroscopy (DR(UV/Vis)S) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements as non-homoionic and non-stoichiometric substances containing exchangeable hydrated Ni(2+) ions in the micropores and nickel hydroxide phases supported on the surface. Thermogravimetric analysis/ differential gravimetry (TGA/DTG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) demonstrated that full dehydration below approximately 400 degreesC follows a clearly endothermic process, whereas at higher temperatures the zeolite is amorphised and finally partially recrystallised to Ni(Al,Si) oxides, detected by powder X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). The solid acidity of NiHEU, initially determined by temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of ammonia to be 8.93 mg g(-1) NH(3), is attributed to the weak acid sites (fundamentally Lewis sites) resolved at approximately 183 degreesC, and to the strong acid sites (essentially Bronsted sites) resolved at approximately 461 degreesC in the TPD pattern. A more sophisticated study based on in situ/ex situ FT-IR with in situ/ex situ (27)Al MAS NMR and pyridine (Py) as a probe molecule, revealed that the Lewis acid sites can be attributed primarily to Ni(2+) ions, whereas the Bronsted ones can probably be associated with the surface-supported nickel hydroxide phases. The spectroscopic measurements in conjunction with powder XRD and (29)Si MAS NMR data strongly suggest that distorted Al tetrahedra are formed during the dehydration process and Py chemisorption/complexation (NiHEU-Py), whereas the crystal structure is remarkably well preserved in the rehydrated material (NiHEU-Py/R). The structural, electronic, energetic and spectroscopic properties of all possible nickel(II) aqua and dihydroxy complexes absorbed in the zeolite micropores or supported on the zeolite surface were studied theoretically by density functional theory (DFT). The computed proton affinity, found to be in the range 182.0-210.0 kcal mol(-1), increases with increasing coordination number of the aqua and dihydroxy nickel(II) complexes. (EN)

aluminosilicates (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Chemistry-a European Journal (EN)

2001

<Go to ISI>://000170914500008



*Η εύρυθμη και αδιάλειπτη λειτουργία των διαδικτυακών διευθύνσεων των συλλογών (ψηφιακό αρχείο, καρτέλα τεκμηρίου στο αποθετήριο) είναι αποκλειστική ευθύνη των αντίστοιχων Φορέων περιεχομένου.