Localization and function of ATP and GABAA receptors expressed by nociceptors and other postnatal sensory neurons in rat

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Localization and function of ATP and GABAA receptors expressed by nociceptors and other postnatal sensory neurons in rat (EN)

Labrakakis, C. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών και Τεχνολογιών. Τμήμα Βιολογικών Εφαρμογών και Τεχνολογιών (EL)
Labrakakis, C. (EN)

The role of endogenous GABA and ATP in regulating transmitter release from primary afferent terminals in the superficial dorsal horn of the spinal cord is still controversial. ATP is co-released with GABA from some inhibitory dorsal horn neurons raising the possibility that ATP could act in concert with GABA to regulate transmitter release from primary afferent terminals if receptors to both transmitters are expressed there. Using electrophysiology together with immunocytochemistry, we have investigated the expression of ATP-gated P2X and GABAA receptors by identified subpopulations of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons known to project primarily to the superficial dorsal horn. Expression of the heat-sensitive vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1) and sensitivity to capsaicin were used to characterize DRG neurons sensitive to noxious heat. Both P2X and GABAA receptors were expressed on the majority of DRG neurons examined. Recording compound action potentials (CAPs) from dorsal roots in the presence of muscimol, alpha,beta-methylene-ATP (alpha,beta-meATP) or capsaicin resulted in depression of CAP in the slow and medium conducting fibres, indicating cognate receptor expression on the small diameter axons. Dorsal root-evoked dorsal root potentials (DR-DRPs), reflecting depolarization of primary afferent terminals by endogenously released substances, were depressed by the GABAA receptor antagonist SR95531 and alpha,beta-meATP. These results suggest that GABAA and P2X receptors are expressed on DRG cell bodies and slow fibre axons, many of which are heat-nociceptive. These fibres project to the superficial lamina of the dorsal horn where the receptors may function to modulate transmitter release near their central terminals. (EN)

Age Factors (EN)

J Physiol (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα


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