Purification and characterization of a type B feruloyl esterase (StFAE-A) from the thermophilic fungus Sporotrichum thermophile

 
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Purification and characterization of a type B feruloyl esterase (StFAE-A) from the thermophilic fungus Sporotrichum thermophile (EN)

Topakas, E. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών και Τεχνολογιών. Τμήμα Βιολογικών Εφαρμογών και Τεχνολογιών (EL)
Topakas, E. (EN)

A feruloyl esterase (StFAE-A) produced by Sporotrichum thermophile was purified to homogeneity. The purified homogeneous preparation of native StFAE-A exhibited a molecular mass of 57.0+/-1.5 kDa, with a mass of 33+/-1 kDa on SDS-PAGE. The pI of the enzyme was estimated by cation-exchange chromatofocusing to be at pH 3.1. The enzyme activity was optimal at pH 6.0 and 55-60 degrees C. The purified esterase was stable at the pH range 5.0-7.0. The enzyme retained 70% of activity after 7 h at 50 degrees C and lost 50% of its activity after 45 min at 55 degrees C and after 12 min at 60 degrees C. Determination of k(cat)/ K(m) revealed that the enzyme hydrolyzed methyl p-coumarate 2.5- and 12-fold more efficiently than methyl caffeate and methyl ferulate, respectively. No activity on methyl sinapinate was detected. The enzyme was active on substrates containing ferulic acid ester linked to the C-5 and C-2 linkages of arabinofuranose and it hydrolyzed 4-nitrophenyl 5- O- trans-feruloyl-alpha- l-arabinofuranoside (NPh-5-Fe-Ara f) 2-fold more efficiently than NPh-2-Fe-Ara f. Ferulic acid (FA) was efficiently released from destarched wheat bran when the esterase was incubated together with xylanase from S. thermophile (a maximum of 34% total ferulic acid released after 1 h incubation). StFAE-A by itself could release FA, but at a level almost 47-fold lower than that obtained in the presence of xylanase. The potential of StFAE-A for the synthesis of various phenolic acid esters was tested using a ternary water-organic mixture consisting of n-hexane, 1-butanol and water as a reaction system. (EN)

1-Butanol/metabolism (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα

2004




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