The relative orientation of the Arg and Asp side chains defined by a pseudodihedral angle as a key criterion for evaluating the structure-activity relationship of RGD peptides

 
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2004 (EN)
The relative orientation of the Arg and Asp side chains defined by a pseudodihedral angle as a key criterion for evaluating the structure-activity relationship of RGD peptides (EN)

Kostidis, S. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Kostidis, S. (EN)

The ability of an integrin to distinguish between the RGD-containing extracellular matrix proteins is thought to be due partially to the variety of RGD conformations. Three criteria have been proposed for the evaluation of the structure-activity relationship of RGD-containing peptides. These include: (i) the distance between the charged centres, (ii) the distance between the Arg C-beta and Asp C-beta atoms, and (iii) the pseudodihedral angle defining the Arg and Asp side-chain orientation formed by the Arg C-zeta, Arg C-alpha, Asp C-alpha and Asp C-gamma atoms. A comparative conformation-activity study was performed between linear RGD peptides and strongly constrained cyclic (S,S) -CDC- bearing compounds, which cover a wide range of inhibition potency of platelet aggregation. It is concluded that the fulfilment of the -45degrees less than or equal to pseudo-dihedral angle less than or equal to +45degrees criterion is a prerequisite for an RGD compound to exhibit inhibitory activity. Once this criterion is accomplished, the longer the distance between the charged centres and/or between the Arg and Asp CO atoms, the higher is the biological activity. In addition, the stronger the ionic interaction between Arg and Asp charged side chains, the lower the anti-aggregatory activity. Copyright (C) 2004 European Peptide Society and John Wiley Sons, Ltd. (EN)

integrin inhibitors (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Journal of Peptide Science (EN)

English

2004

<Go to ISI>://000223296400002



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